Guide to Gardening in the Fall

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Gardening doesn’t have to be a hobby reserved for spring and summer; the milder weather of fall is a great time to spend outdoors in your yard. So, grab your jacket and gloves, and check out our top tips to reduce waste and save water and energy in your garden this autumn.

1.  Start a vegetable garden

Photo: Flickr/pmulloy2112

Buying food locally cuts down on the air pollution and carbon emissions generated in transporting food from the farm to your plate. And what’s more local than growing produce in your own backyard?

The best types of veggies to grow in the fall include members of the cabbage family such as broccoli and cauliflower, as well as root vegetables like beets, carrots and radishes. Leeks, Brussels sprouts and fennel also do well in the colder months, as do all types of greens: lettuces, spinach, arugula, chard, kale, and collard and mustard greens.

While many of these hardy vegetables can withstand a light frost, check with your local nursery to see which varieties work best in your region. Also find out the average date of your region’s first killing frost, and plan to plant your crops early enough to let them reach full maturity before that date. You may want to consider purchasing seedlings if it’s too late to plant from seeds.

Fall is also the time to plant garlic and shallots for harvest next summer.

READ: Grow Your Own Mushrooms with Coffee Grounds

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