The future of tires could mean using rubber made from plants, and it could happen within the next five years according to TechNewsDaily.
The technology is called BioIsoprene, which is produced by the Genencor division of Danisco.
While natural rubber is itself a bio-based product since it comes from trees, most tires are produced using synthetic rubber made of petroleum.
This increases the environmental footprint during manufacturing, and also poses issues for disposal since the tires are prone to fires in a landfill that produces black smoke.
Genencor manufactures the polymer by fermenting plants with microorganisms, so oil is not required. The company says its tires should last as long as petroleum-based ones and is investigating the use of BioIsoprene in other rubber products and adhesives.
“BioIsoprene is an excellent example of Danisco’s leadership in industrial biotechnology through our Genencor division,” says Tom Knutzen, CEO of Danisco. “As we deliver enzymes to existing markets, we are also investing in future bio-innovations with extraordinary potential to address the world’s most urgent business and environmental challenges.”
Danisco and Goodyear first announced a partnership on the new tires in 2008, when Danisco commited $50 million to develop the technology. Since then, Goodyear has been turning the BioIsoprene into synthetic rubber in order to make a prototype, although the company has yet to announce when the tires will be available for sale.
A prototype of a Goodyear tire made from BioIsoprene was on display at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in December.